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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Demografie

Demografie

Profil

Die Forschung und Lehre des Lehrbereichs Demografie setzt an der Schnittstelle von Demografie und sozialer Ungleichheit an und nimmt historisch und international vergleichend die Ursachen und Folgen veränderter Lebensverlaufsmuster in den Blick. Ausgangspunkt ist die verbreitete Annahme, dass sich Lebensläufe heute komplexer, flexibler und individualisierter gestalten, weil Menschen ihre Lebensentwürfe an die Anforderungen zunehmend globalisierter und flexibler Arbeitsmärkte anpassen müssen. Solchen Entwicklungen werden häufig negative Auswirkungen zugeschrieben, etwa wachsende soziale Ungleichheit, ökonomische Unsicherheit, Stress oder eine erschwerte Vereinbarkeit von Beruf und Familie. Der Lehrbereich Demografie überprüft diese Annahme auf der Basis von Längsschnittdaten und untersucht, wie bestimmte Muster in demografischen und sozioökonomischen Prozessen, zum Beispiel in der Fertilität und in Erwerbskarrieren, mit der Verteilung von Ressourcen zusammenhängen. Drei Phasen des Lebenslauf werden dabei genauer untersucht: die Familiengründung, die Erwerbskarriere und der Übergang in die Rente.

 

Prof. Dr. Anette Eva Fasang

Juniorprofessur für Demografie
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Philosophische Fakultät III
Institut für Sozialwissenschaften
Unter den Linden 6
10099 Berlin

 

Sitz: Universitätsstraße 3b, Raum 117
Tel: ++49 (0)30 2093 4497
Fax: ++49 (0)30 2093 4223
Email: anette.fasang (at) sowi.hu-berlin.de

 

 

Sprechstunde: Mittwoch von 16.00-17.00 nach vorheriger Anmeldung per Email

 

Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter/innen

Marcel Raab, Dipl.-Soz.

 

Studentische Mitarbeiter/innen

Lara Danyel

Zachary Van Winkle

 

Gastwissenschaftler/innen

Dr. Susanne Strauß

 

Sekretariat

Gabi Sonnenberg
Sitz: Universitätsstraße 3b, Raum 224
Tel: ++49 (0)30 2093 4434
Fax: ++49 (0)30 2093 4430
Email: gabi. sonnenberg (at) rz.hu-berlin.de

 

Bürozeiten:
Montag bis Donnerstag 09.00 -12.00 und 13.00 -15.00 Uhr
und nach Vereinbarung.

 

Aktuelle Publikationen

 

forthcoming:

 

Intergenerationale Fertilitätstransmission in Ost- und Westdeutschland

Anette E. Fasang, “Intergenerationale Fertilitätstransmission in Ost- und Westdeutschland.” [Intergenerational Fertility Transmission in East and West Germany.] Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, forthcoming.

 

 

 

Sibling Similarity in Family Formation

Sibling studies have been widely used to analyze the impact of family background on socioeconomic and, to a lesser extent, demographic outcomes. We contribute to this literature with a novel research design that combines sibling comparisons and sequence analysis to analyze longitudinal family-formation trajectories of siblings and unrelated persons. This allows us to scrutinize in a more rigorous way whether sibling similarity exists in family-formation trajectories and whether siblings’ shared background characteristics, such as parental education and early childhood family structure, can account for similarity in family formation. We use Finnish register data from 1987 through 2007 to construct longitudinal family-formation trajectories in young adulthood for siblings and unrelated dyads (N = 14,257 dyads). Findings show that family formation is moderately but significantly more similar for siblings than for unrelated dyads, also after controlling for crucial parental background characteristics. Shared parental background characteristics add surprisingly little to account for sibling similarity in family formation. Instead, gender and the respondents’ own education are more decisive forces in the stratification of family formation. Yet, family internal dynamics seem to reinforce this stratification such that siblings have a higher probability to experience similar family-formation patterns. In particular, patterns that correspond with economic disadvantage are concentrated within families. This is in line with a growing body of research highlighting the importance of family structure in the reproduction of social inequality.

 

Marcel Raab, Anette E. Fasang, Aleksi Karhula and Jani Erola, “Sibling Similarity in Family Formation”. Demography, online first DOI: 10.1007/s13524-­‐014-­‐0341-­‐6.

 

Beyond Transmission: Intergenerational Patterns of Family Formation in Middle Class American Families

Research about parental effects on family behavior focuses on intergenerational transmission: that is, whether children show the same family behavior as their parents. This focus potentially overemphasizes similarity and obscures heterogeneity in parental effects on family behavior. In this study, we make two contributions. First, instead of focusing on isolated focal events, we conceptualize parents’ and their children’s family formation holistically as the process of union formation and childbearing between ages 15 and 40. We then discuss mechanisms likely to shape these intergenerational patterns. Second, beyond estimating average transmission effects, we innovatively apply multichannel sequence analysis to dyadic sequence data on middle-class American families from the Longitudinal Study of Generations (LSOG; N = 461 parent-child dyads). The results show three salient intergenerational family formation patterns among this population: a strong transmission, a moderated transmission, and an intergenerational contrast pattern. We examine what determines parents’ and children’s likelihood to sort into a specific intergenerational pattern. For middle-class American families, educational upward mobility is a strong predictor of moderated intergenerational transmission, whereas close emotional bonds between parents and children foster strong intergenerational transmission. We conclude that intergenerational patterns of family formation are generated at the intersection of macro-structural change and family internal psychological dynamics.

 

Anette E. Fasang and Marcel Raab, “Beyond Transmission: Intergenerational Patterns of Family Formation in Middle Class American Families”. Demography 51: 1703-­‐1728.

 

Social Closure and Educational Attainment

This article examines how network closure among parents affects adolescents’ educational attainment. First, we introduce a distinction between informal closure and school-based closure. Second, we investigate whether and how the effect of informal and school-based parental network closure varies across social contexts. Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and multilevel models show that parental network closure modestly impacts educational outcomes. Moreover, educational benefits of informal closure in parent networks are contingent on social context. Closure only benefits educational attainment in low-poverty schools. In high-poverty schools, informal closure in parent networks lowers educational attainment. The social closure generated in informal connections among parents thereby contributes to the encapsulation of disadvantage in areas of concentrated poverty, which is not the case for school-based closure.

 

Anette E. Fasang, William Mangino and Hannah Brückner (2014): Fasang et al (2014): Social Closure and Educational Attainment. In: Sociological Forum 29: 137-164.